- tensor fascia lata
- iliotibial band
- gluteus medius
- gluteus minimus
- hip joint capsule
The test is performed with the patient in
The examiner, standing behind the patient, passively abducts the patient’s upper leg slightly at the hip and then extends the upper leg at the hip while stabilizing the upper iliac crest with the other hand. With the upper hip in extension, the examiner slowly allows the upper leg to lower until the examiner is no longer supporting the weight of the upper leg.
This test is considered positive if the upper leg remains in abduction/does not go into adduction past midline after the examiner stops supporting the weight of the leg. The patient may also report lateral knee pain in a positive test.
Accuracy of Test
Ober’s test is questionable in its accuracy and in its ability to test what it intends to test. There are no studies that support its validity.
An Anatomic Investigation of the Ober Test
video source: Physiotutors
>> Return to the list of Common Tests in Orthopaedic Examination of the Hip
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1 thought on “Ober’s Test – Orthopedic Examination of the Hip”
Thank you for this review of the Ober test.
Just FYI, the picture you have selected to depict the TFL/IT band anatomy is anatomically inaccurate. The IT band does not insert onto the lateral femoral condyle. Rather, it inserts onto Gerdy’s tubercle on the anterolateral tibia. You may want to change this picture for more accurate representation of the muscle/band you are discussing on this page.