The following is a list of the many common tests used by physical therapists / physiotherapists and other orthopedic/orthopaedic practitioners when examining the ankle. The tests will eventually have links to descriptions of the tests as well as video demonstrations. If you know of a test that should be included in this list, please let us know.
The ankle consists of three joints; talocrural joint, the subtalar joint, and the Inferior tibiofibular joint. The talocrural joint is commonly known as the ankle proper and is a synovial hinge joint. The ankle consists of three bones; the talus, the fibula and the tibia. The movements of the joint are dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. The following is a list of some of the many special tests that have been developed for the ankle.
Orthopedic Special Tests for the Ankle
- Anterior Drawer Test
- Compression Test
- Eversion Stress Test
- Eversion Talar Tilt Test
- Feiss’ Line Test
- Heel Tap Test
- Homan’s Sign Test
- Inversion Stress Test
- Inversion Talar Tilt Test
- Kleiger’s Test (External Rotation Test)
- Thompson’s Squeze Test – for achilles tendon rupture
- Tibial Torsion Test