Common Ankle Tests in Orthopedic Examination

The following is a list of the many common tests used by physical therapists / physiotherapists and other orthopedic/orthopaedic practitioners when examining the ankle. The tests will eventually have links to descriptions of the tests as well as video demonstrations. If you know of a test that should be included in this list, please let us know.

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The ankle consists of three joints;  talocrural joint, the subtalar joint, and the Inferior tibiofibular joint. The talocrural joint is commonly known as the ankle proper and is a synovial hinge joint. The ankle consists of three bones; the talus, the fibula and the tibia. The movements of the joint are dorsiflexion and plantarflexion.  The following is a list of some of the many special tests that have been developed for the ankle.

Orthopedic Special Tests for the Ankle

  • Anterior Drawer Test
  • Compression Test
  • Eversion Stress Test
  • Eversion Talar Tilt Test
  • Feiss’ Line Test
  • Heel Tap Test
  • Homan’s Sign Test
  • Inversion Stress Test
  • Inversion Talar Tilt Test
  • Kleiger’s Test (External Rotation Test)
  • Thompson’s Squeze Test – for achilles tendon rupture
  • Tibial Torsion Test

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