Common Hip Tests in Orthopedic Examination

The following is a list of the many common tests used by physical therapists and other orthopedic/orthopaedic practitioners when examining the hip. The tests will eventually have links to descriptions of the tests as well as video demonstrations. Before learning about the examination of the hip it is useful to review basic hip anatomy. If you know of a test that should be included in this list, please let us know.

Blausen 0488 HipAnatomy

The hip joint is a ball and socket joint and is the joint in the body with the greatest range of motion other than the shoulder.  It is surrounded by very strong ligaments and muscles, making it a very stable joint. The hip is a very stable joint because it has to handle a great deal of force and still have such a large range of motion. The following is a list of some of the many special tests that have been developed for the hip.

Orthopedic Special Tests for the Hip

  • Ely’s Test – Hip Flexor Pathology
  • FADIR Test – Acetabular Labral Injuries
  • Fitzgerald Test – Acetabular Labral Injuries
  • Gaenslen’s Test
  • Hibb’s Test
  • Nachlas Test
  • Ober’s Test – Iliotibial Band Syndrome
  • Ortolani Click
  • Patrick’s Test (FABER Test) – Femoroacetabular Impingement, Acetabular Labral Injuries
  • Pelvic Rock Test
  • Scour Test – Femoroacetabular Impingement, Acetabular Labral Injuries
  • Stinchfield Test (Resisted Straight Leg Raise) – Femoroacetabular Impingement
  • Telescoping Sign
  • Thomas’ Test – Acetabular Labral Injuries, Hip Flexor Pathology
  • Trendelenburg Test / Trendelenburg Sign
  • Yeoman’s Test

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